Polonnaruwa – Medieval Capital City

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Since the end of the Kingdom of Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa became the capital of medieval Lanka between the 11th and 13th centuries. Polonnaruwa comprises extraordinary archeological evidence of architectural monuments, excellent artistic creations and all necessary features of an ancient city. Considering these aspects the UNESCO declared Polonnaruwa a World Heritage Site in 1982.

Note – The second most ancient of Sri Lanka’s kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated Chola invaders in 1070 to reunite the country once more under a local leader.

  • The Vijayotpaya (Royal Palace)
  • King's Council Chamber
  • Siva Devalaya 01
  • Thuparama and Sacred Quadrangle
  • Gal Potha and Satmahal Prasada
  • Rankoth Vehera
  • Lankatilaka Image House
  • Gal Vihara
  • Nelum Pokuna (Lotus shaped pond)
  • Rock Sculpture at Potgul Vihara
  • Ancient Technology Museum – Polonnaruwa